To launch a web resource, it must be placed somewhere, and we will tell you how this is done. We will comprehensively consider website hosting: the definition of what it is and what it is for, in simple words, so that it is clear even to those who are very far from the field of information technology. Read this information and it will be easier for you to start your development in the vastness of the World Wide Web.
If the maximum is available, then this is, in fact, the provision of space on the Internet for rent. Host is translated from English as “host” or “host”. And the one who provides the service we are considering – the provider – just gives the space to store the files that ensure the operation of your resource. There is a very apt analogy: if you imagine that the domain is the address of your house, then the server is the site on which this building is built, and hosting is the land lease agreement.
How a website hosting works?
Let's say you want to start an online store or have your own blog. In this case, you need to contact a provider, that is, a company that is ready for some time to contain web data and provide round-the-clock access to it – for you and your visitors. As a rule, such an agreement is concluded for a period of one year, but other options are also possible – it all depends on the tariff plan, which should be as convenient as possible for you. After that, it remains to pay for the service – usually this happens once, for all 12 months in advance – and start using it.
As a result, every time one of the Internet users enters one of the pages of your site into the address bar of the browser, all the data necessary to service the request will be automatically downloaded from the server
To familiarize customers with the capabilities of the service, companies often offer a trial period and / or various packages of functions (differing in cost). The main thing is that at the same time:
- The account interface was intuitive, even for a person without programming skills;
- The set of options remained as wide as possible – with the installation of various CMS, downloading files of all current formats, creating backups, and so on;
- Access and support in practice were provided really around the clock, so that the target audience could at any time find out what you want to offer them.
Also, providers often provide additional services to simplify management, namely:
- SSL certificates (https: // protocols) for protection;
- Online consultation;
- Own email;
- Content designers and tools;
- Automatic backups;
- One-click software installation;
and so on – the more possibilities, the better (in general).
What are hosting services?
This is the placement of all files of the client's site on a server that is online 24 hours a day. They are provided by a system of many hard disks and computer devices, combined into a super-powerful machine and with leading indicators of speed and performance, as well as the most impressive amounts of RAM and permanent memory to date.
In fact, this is a whole complex of equipment, which is built in a special room, well ventilated and cooled, serviced by a large staff of technicians – all for the sake of its smooth functioning.
Shared web hosting: what it is and how it works?
This is the most common and budgetary option, in which the client uses the provider's server together with other consumers, and the number of the latter reaches several hundred, and sometimes even thousands. Free space, computing power and other resources are divided among all consumers. Accordingly, under very heavy load, performance may be degraded.
In practice, this is an actual solution for business cards, forums and blogs, landing pages and even for online stores (if they have a simple structure, without a huge number of sections and pages, and it is assumed that it will not fundamentally change). But for large-scale, growing, developing and truly global projects, you should choose other options.
Pros and cons of shared hosting
Among the pluses:
- low cost – the cheapest option;
- the server is already configured;
- there is technical support, administration and maintenance are carried out;
- the interface is intuitive and easy to use even without technical knowledge.
In the list of cons:
- possible decrease in the performance of your resource in conditions of heavy traffic and heavy host load;
- some limited settings and configurations – they are broader in the case of a VPS (about which below).
There are still more advantages, and they are more important for basic web solutions, with a limited budget and, especially, for a beginner taking his first steps in the vastness of the World Wide Web.